Young Archaeologists' Club
Central Southern England Branch

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What the Industrial Revolution Did for Us
A six-part Series

Last part shown on BBC 2, Tuesday 11 November 2003 at 8.00pm
Repeat of Series February - April 2004
(see below for details)

In this six-part Series Dan Cruickshank explores one of the most inventive and surprising periods in history, searching for the origin of the Industrial Revolution. He looks at the inventive people and extraordinary machines that gave us the working life we live today.

Material World (7.10.03): (10.02.04 at 10.00pm) In the first programme, he traces the Industrial Revolution back to the unlikeliest of places: the tea tables of Georgian Britain, where an appetite for the good life helped to create our modern, material world.
Working Wonders (14.10.03): (17.02.04 at 10.00pm) This programme looks at Frenchman J M Jacquard's prototype for modern-day computer programmes, James Watt's lesser known invention, the world's first photocopier, and Richard Arkwright's blueprint for thriving factories and factory towns.
On the Move (21.10.03): (24.02.04 at 10.00pm) This programme looks at how in just 100 years from 1750 Britain became the hub of locomotion for the entire world, and sees who was responsible for such a huge sea change in technology and transportation, including such luminaries as Richard Trevithick and George Stephenson.
Modern Medicine (28.10.03): (28.02.04 at 5.40pm) The story of the pioneers of modern medicine, such as James Lind, who conducted the first clinical trial, proving that oranges and lemons could save the lives of thousands by preventing scurvy. Edward Jenner, a doctor preoccupied with beautiful milkmaids, used observation and lateral thinking to establish a vaccination against the killer disease, smallpox.
War Machine (4.11.03): (31.03.04 at 7.30pm) This programme examines the military breakthroughs that occurred during the industrial revolution as the armed forces played a vital role in securing raw materials and global markets for British products. Rockets, submarines, machine guns and even tinned food are among the discoveries that emerged from the horrors of battle.
City Living (11.11.03): (8.04.04 at 7.30pm) Prior to the Industrial Revolution, homes were largely rural and functional, and the idea of decorative and comfortable surroundings, along with home entertainment, was the reserve of a handful of the privileged nobility. Dan Cruickshank looks at the inventive people who gave us the life we live today. Innovations at the heart of the modern city lifestyle, including integrated plumbing, street lighting, shop fronts, newspaper advertising and chemical dyes.

Visit BBC History and the What the Industrial Revolution Did for Us
websites for more information

 
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What the Romans Did for Us
A six-part Series
Series repeated in 2001 and 2003
together with short-programme repeats in 2004

Adam Hart-Davis rediscovers the innovations and inventions that the Romans brought to Britain.

BBC 2, Monday 6 November, 2000 at 8.30pm (15.04.03) (12.04.04)
Life of Luxury : He reveals how they imported stone walls, mosaic floors and the concept of the bath house, as well as vines, apples, carrots and other new foods, and the idea of the three-course meal. Want to learn more about Roman Life; see Food and baths.

BBC 2, Monday 13 November, 2000 at 8.30pm (22.04.03)
Invasion: He explores the range of military equipment used by the Romans. How were cavalry and footsoldiers trained for battle, and what part did elephants play in invasion. Discover Roman technology; see Military might.

BBC 2, Monday 20 November, 2000 at 8.30pm
Town and Country: He investigates the new farming methods, crops and tools introduced by the Romans, including the plough and the combine harvester. He also looks at the Romans' skilful planning of towns using a grid pattern, and their intricate plumbing mechanisms - drains, bath houses and public lavatories. Want to learn more about Roman Life; see Food and baths.

BBC 2, Monday 27 November, 2000 at 8.30pm (18.08.03)
Arteries of the Empire: He discovers how they constructed their famously straight roads with such precision over long distances. He also uncovers the mining techniques which the Romans employed in their quest for Welsh gold, testing out a giant water wheel intended to prevent flooding in the mines. Discover Roman technology; see Roads and surveying and The wonderful wheel.

BBC 2, Monday 4 December, 2000 at 8.30pm (27.08.03)
Edge of Empire: He shows how communications were key to the success of the Roman military machine, and demonstrates the ways in which soldiers used flags and beacons to send complicated messages. Discover Roman technology; see Codes and signals.

BBC 2, Monday 11 December, 2000 at 8.30pm (2.09.03)
Ahead of their Time: He examines the forms of entertainment laid on during the 176 days per year that were public holidays in Roman times. Featuring the hydraulis, the first ever keyboard instrument. Plus a look at how the Romans introduced concrete.

Visit 'What The Romans Did For Us' and the locations featured in the series,
also the BBC
'History' and 'Romans' web sites for additional information

 
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What the Tudors and Stuarts Did for Us
An eight-part combined Series
First shown in 2002

Adam Hart-Davis with a Tudor navigational deviceShown on BBC 2
Adam Hart-Davis investigated and started with The Tudors on Monday 23 September 2002 at 8.30pm and continued with the Stuarts beginning Monday 21 October 2002.
Series Repeated in 2003 - last part shown on 3 July 2003.

Seeying The Worlde: (23.09.02) Adam Hart-Davis investigates inventions and innovations from the Tudor era and uncovers controversial evidence that an English Tudor scientist invented the first telescope.
The Thinkynge Revolution: (30.09.02) Adam Hart-Davis reveals scientific thought which brought the idea of sun-centred solar system, the printing press and the first accurate human anatomy.
The Goode Lyfe: (7.10.02) We take home comforts like carpets, upholstered furniture and flushing lavatories for granted but, as Adam Hart Davis discovers, we owe these and many others to the Tudors.
War Machyne: (14.10.02) Adam Hart-Davis discovers why Henry VIII spent millions of pounds ransacked from churches to develop new defences for England, and looks at the beginning of the secret service.

Desygner Livinge: (21.10.02) Adam Hart-Davis begins his journey through the Stuart period with a look at the inventions and innovations that marked an era of grand design.
The Applyance Of Science: (28.10.02) Adam Hart-Davis outlines how Stuart scientists discovered the laws that govern the motion of the planets and went on to invent the first steam engine.
The Organysed Isle: (4.11.02) Adam Hart-Davis finds out how, under the Stuarts, life became much more organised. He investigates the first public transport, street lighting and the first high street bank.
Newe Worldes: (11.11.02) Adam Hart-Davis investigates the inventions and innovations from the Stuart period that left a lasting impression on British society, including the microscope and telescope.

Visit What the Tudors and Stuarts Did for Us for more information

 
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What The Victorians Did For Us
An eight-part Series
Selected Two-part repeats of Series in 2002
Repeat of Series Jan/Feb & Sept/Oct 2003
together with short-programme repeats in 2004

Adam Hart-Davis was back and this time he explained ' What the Victorians Did for Us '. Jump aboard the first instalment in which Adam introduced a number of Victorian 'Speed Merchants', from Brunel and his steam-powered ships to Muybridge's experiments in motion photography.

BBC 2, Monday 3 September 2001 at 8.30pm (13.09.03)
Speed Merchants: Adam Hart-Davis explores the Victorian obsession with speed, visits a steam powered mill and joins commuters from London to Bristol, experiencing Brunel's legacy.

BBC 2, Monday 10 September 2001 at 8.30pm (20.09.03)
Playing God: Adam Hart-Davis enters the Victorian world of science and medicine, visiting the home of an eccentric Victorian experimenter who was reputed to have created life.

BBC 2, Monday 17 September 2001 at 8.30pm (27.09.03)
Rule Makers: Adam Hart-Davis investigates more Victorian inventions, finding out how the rules for sports evolved and he discovers how Florence Nightingale's mastery of statistics saved thousands of lives.

BBC 2, Monday 24 September 2001 at 8.30pm (4.10.03)
Crime And Punishment: Adam Hart-Davis plunges into the world of Victorian crime and retribution, experiences life on the beat as an early policeman and life as a prisoner.

BBC 2, Monday 1 October 2001 at 8.30pm (25.10.03)
Social Progress: An investigation on how employment and education opportunities gave middle classes toilets, frozen food and improved health care, while the rich indulged in new gadgets.

BBC 2, Monday 8 October 2001 at 8.30pm
Conquerors: Adam Hart-Davis visits London's Hyde Park surveying the site of the Crystal Palace, he also visits Kew Gardens to explore the wonders of the plant kingdom brought back by explorers.

Read the live chat transcript

BBC 2, Monday 15 October 2001 at 8.30pm
Making It Big, Risk Takers: Adam Hart-Davis looks at pioneering entrepeneurs, visiting William Armstrong's house in Northumberland, the first house in the world to be lit by hydro-electricity.

BBC 2, Monday 22 October 2001 at 8.30pm
Pleasure Seekers: The Victorians were the first generation to be mass pleaure seekers. Adam Hart-Davis discovers just how the Victorian leisure industry catered for the upper and lower classes.

Selected two-part repeats in 2002

Shown BBC 2, Thursday 25 April 2002 at 8.00pm
Conquerors and Making It Big: Victorians achieved incredible feats of engineering and exploration. Adam Hart-Davis examines some of the finest examples and tells the stories of success and failure.

Shown BBC 2, Thursday 18 April 2002 at 8.00pm
Social Progress and Rule Makers: Adam Hart-Davis looks at the innovative systems of education, public health and consumerism that improved the lot of many Victorians.

Shown BBC 2, Thursday 11 April 2002 at 8.00pm
Speed Merchants and Pleasure Seekers: Adam Hart-Davis explored the Victorian obsession with speed, the impact of steam power on farming and how the Victorians spent their leisure time.

Visit ' What the Victorians did for us' and the locations featured in the series,
also BBC
History for additional information

Follow the Victorian Britain History Trail

 
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When Money Went Mad
The Story Of The South Sea Bubble
Shown on Channel 4, Saturday 15 July, 2000 at 7.00pm

In the Spring of 1720, Britain is in confident mood. A new venture is launched on the stock market and though the company hasn't yet made a penny in profit, a buzz surrounds it and the share prices are rising. The country is seized by a frenzy of stock market speculation and London is awash with paper millionaires. But within six months the bubble had burst.
 
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World's Worst Century (14th)
A three-part Series
Agincourt (3)
On Channel 4, Monday 4 October at 9.00pm

A new series of films examining the turbulent events that faced Europe during the 14th century.

Black Death (27.9.04 at 9.00pm): The opening programme concentrates on the ravages of the Black Death, following its virulent path through the Europe of the Middle Ages.
Peasants' Revolt (30.9.04 at 9.00pm): Tony Robinson continues the series on the grim struggles of life in the 14th century with the story of the Peasants' Revolt. Labourers and artisans whose numbers had been drastically reduced by the Black Death began to sense their worth and rose up in protest against punitive taxes. Wat Tyler and his well-organised followers captured Canterbury in 1381 and headed for London and a confrontation with King Richard II. (Medieval England ... a time traveller's guide)
Agincourt (4.10.04 at 9.00pm): is a classic symbol of national heroism for the English as an outnumbered but highly-motivated force defeated the French knights with a ruthless approach to warfare. The programme is based on first-hand accounts of those who were there at the time and reveals the dramatic demise of a chivalric code of honour. (Agincourt).

Visit Channel 4 History and the Worlds Worst Century website for further information

 More Information? Go to the Channel 4 historyheads & Footnotes series
 
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Worst Job in History
A six-part Series
(presented by Tony Robinson)
Victorian Period (6)
Shown on Channel 4, Saturday 2 October at 8.10pm

Presenter Tony RobinsonTony Robinson presents this documentary series looking at some of the jobs throughout history that no one wanted.

Read Tony's comments

Dark Ages (Roman/Anglo-Saxon) (28.08.04 at 8.00pm): Tony revisits the first millennium, entering the strange working worlds of Bog Iron Hunters, Charcoal Burners and Coin-Making Thralls. First he goes back 2,000 years and experiences the discomfort of mining in Roman times, as well as Saxon ploughing and using dung to construct a Saxon house. Further forward in time, he finds out why the Vikings found it necessary to use rotting fish guts to get their longships across land.
The Middle Ages (Medieval) (4.09.04 at 8.00pm): Tony discovers the role worms played in medieval medicine and wades through marshes as a leech-gatherer. He also plunges himself into two-week-old human urine to demonstrate the lengths workers went to to improve the texture of wool. Who will ever want Smellovision? Tony wrinkling his nose speaks volumes!
Tudor Times (Tudor) (11.09.04 at 8.05pm): Tony considers the lot of menial workers during the Tudor era with lurid tales of executioners, spit boys and the Groom of the Stool whose task it was to wipe Henry VIII's backside. He also goes behind the scenes of Shakespeare's Globe Theatre to reveal the less glamorous aspects of the acting profession.
Stuart Times (Stuart) (18.09.04 at 8.05pm): Highlighting the jobs of the Stuart era, Tony investigates the explosive dangers of being a Petardier's Assistant during the Civil War, and discovers exactly what materials were used in making violin strings. He also considers other distasteful roles that emerged during the years of the Great Plague such as Seeker of the Dead.
Georgian Age (Georgian) (25.09.04 at 8.10pm): Tony reveals some of the least savoury jobs of the Georgian era when Riding Officers, working alone, had to enforce customs laws in an age of highwaymen and smugglers. He also recalls the seabound world of the Royal Navy's topmen, loblolly boys and powder monkeys, all participants in Nelson's victory at Trafalgar.
Victorian Period (Victorian) (2.10.04 at 8.10pm): Although Dickens vividly describes the grim employment conditions of Victorian Britain, Tony discovers that the reality was much worse. He chokes on ash while experiencing the lot of a railway engine cleaner before finding out exactly why nobody wanted to be an oakum-picker in the workhouses of the time.

Visit Channel 4 History and the Worst Jobs in History website for further information

 
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Wreck Detectives
(Marine archaeology)
An eight-part Series
Shown on Channel 4, Thursday's at 8.00pm
New Series II
Completed on Channel 4, Sunday 19 September at 5.25pm

Wreck Detective Presenters Jeremy Seal and Miranda Krestovnikoff on boatA Series in which a team of experts investigate some of the historic shipwrecks that litter the British coastline, using marine archaeology, oceanography, historical research and the latest technology.

Presented by Jeremy Seal and Miranda Krestovnikoff

Over a quarter of a million wrecks lie lost and forgotten in the murky waters off Britain's coast. In the second series of Wreck Detectives, the team will be diving to discover the secrets hidden in eight more of these wrecks, spanning the centuries of British maritime history. Using their combined skills, the teams will piece together evidence of each ship's identity, how it sank and why it was there.

Check out the wrecks from the first series

Series II
Resurgam (27.06.04): Jeremy and Miranda work with ship architects BMT to discover more about the Resurgam which lies in the waters off North Wales. This Victorian submarine sank while being towed to Portsmouth by the Royal Navy to evaluate its effectiveness, but there is some doubt over the cause of its demise.
Bronze Bell (4.07.04): Jeremy and Miranda delve into the mystery of a wreck dubbed the `Bronze Bell', an 18th century trading vessel which sank in Barmouth Bay, Wales, around 300 years ago. The precious cargo includes 41 blocks of Tuscan marble which may have been destined for St Paul's Cathedral.
Sunderland (11.07.04): Miranda hopes to examine the wreckage of a WWII Sunderland flying boat off the Pembrokeshire Coast, but the Bomb Disposal Unit must first verify that there is no unexploded ordnance aboard. Meanwhile, Jeremy Seal researches the aircraft at the RAF Museum in Hendon to find out a little of its history.
The Hope (18.07.04): Dorset's notorious Chesil Beach is the scene of the latest exploration as a search is mounted for the remains of The Hope, an 18th-century Dutch merchant ship which sank while laden with gold and silver.
U-Boat (8.08.04): A German U-boat lying 60 metres down off the north coast of Cornwall is investigated in a bid to identify the vessel and the reason for its demise.
Lelia (5.09.04): In Liverpool Bay, Miranda dives the wreck of the Lelia, a 19th-century paddle steamer that sank on its maiden voyage. She was alleged to be carrying munitions to supply the Confederate army in the US Civil War and historian Jeremy Seal searches the archives to discover if this can be proved.
Great Lewis (12.09.04 at 5.30pm): In Waterford Harbour, archaeologists believe they may have found the wreck of the Great Lewis, a 17th century English warship sunk at a key moment in Irish history. Miranda dives the murky waters to investigate while Jeremy Seal searches the archives for any clues.
Pylades (19.09.04): In the last programme of the current series the team explores the wreck of HMS Pylades, a minesweeper sunk off the Normandy coast in July 1944. The captain's official report states that the ship hit a couple of mines but the tantalising possibility exists that a new German weapon may have been responsible for the loss of the vessel.

Series I
HMS Pomone (13.03.03): In this programme, the wreck of a 19th century ship lying in the waters off the Isle of Wight that could be a famous British frigate sunk during the Napoleonic Wars. The team investigate the Alum Bay wreck

Earl of Abergavenny (20.03.03): In 1805, the massive Earl of Abergavenny was caught in a storm and sank a mile and a half from the safety of Weymouth Harbour with the loss of over 250 lives. Did Captain John Wordsworth (brother of the poet, William) put profit before the lives of the crew - or was there a fatal flaw in the construction of the ship?
Mingary Castle (27.03.03): An investigation to identify a mysterious wreck discovered in the Sound of Mull, on Scotland's west coast. The Mingary Castle wreck.
HMS Lawford (3.04.03): During the invasion of France on D-Day in 1944, the HMS Lawford was hit by enemy fire and sank. Thirty-seven of her crew died. The Navy's explanation that the ship was downed by a torpedo had never been fully accepted.

Missed the live chat after the programme?
Don't worry! Read the transcript at your leisure.

Stirling Castle (10.04.03): A look at why the Stirling Castle ran aground on the Goodwin Sands in November 1703 and how some of its crew survived.
St Peter Port (17.04.03): The team investigate five medieval wrecks lying in the mouth of Guernsey's St Peter Port harbour, and unearth why and how these ships came to be there. The St Peter Port wrecks
The Swan (24.04.03): The Team go to the Mull of Kintyre, where the wreck of a warship built by Charles I named the Swan lies in shallow water.
HMS Hazardous (1.05.03): This week, exploring the mystery timber wreck found in the Solent - believed to be the remains of HMS Hazardous, an 18th-century French warship captured by the Royal Navy.

Visit the Channel 4 Science & Wreck Detectives websites for further information

 
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Wren: The Man Who Built Britain
Sir Christopher Wren
Shown on BBC 1, Sunday 25 April at 7.00pm

Detail from a drawing of the final design for the rebuilding of St Paul's CathedralMichael Buerk presents a drama-documentary about Sir Christopher Wren, the architect most noted for designing St Paul's Cathedral but also an artist, astronomer, mathematician and even an anatomist. His radical vision for a new Britain created an age of nobility and beauty, but he had to battle rival architects, conservative clerics and even King Charles II to realise his dream.
 
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